DOUBLE PATARD/Groat FLANDERS France-England Charles the Bold
In 1469 a monetary convention between Charles the Bold and Edward IV (during the Wars of the Roses) made the former’s coinage in the Low Countries legal tender in England. In practice, only the double patard established itself in currency, with a formal valuation equal to the silver groat, i.e. fourpence. (Although the fineness of the coin was below the level of sterling, the weight of the coin was higher than the groat.) The currency of the double patard was reinforced by a series of English royal proclamations during the reigns of Henry VII and Henry VIII, but its role was terminated by the onset of the Great Debasement in 1544: in practice, there were probably few still in use by this date. However, in the late 15th century and first couple of decades of the 16th, double patards of Charles the Bold were a part of the English currency and feature regularly in hoards alongside English groats and are also recovered as single finds. There have also been a few finds of small groups of double patards with no other coins.
Obv: KAROLVS DEI GRA DVX BRAB Z LIM Square shield bearing the Burgundian coat of arms in quarters, with lion in centre.
Rev: SIT NOMEN DOMINI BENEDICTVM AM, Triple stranded cross with a lis the centre and collars at the terminals.
DENOMINATION: Double Patard
CULTURE: Medieval Flanders
MONARCH: Charles the Bold
DATE: 1467 - 1477
SIZE: 26mm diameter
WEIGHT: 2.9 grams