This is a fabulous medieval gold coin issued by the French King John II (the Good) 1350 - 1364 A.D.
The obverse depicts the Paschal Lamb (or Agnus Dei) and standard within tressure, ioh rex (King John) below. Around the obverse legend reads: + AGn ° DEI ° QVI ° TOLL '° PCCA ° mVDI ° mISERERE ° nOB, (lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world, have mercy on us).
The reverse of the coin displays a floriated cross in quadrilobe, fleurs de lis in angles, the legend reads: + XP'C * VINCIT * XP'C * REGNAT * XP'C * IMPERAT, (Christ overcomes, Christ reigns, Christ commands)
Within a year of the issue of this coin, the French had suffered yet another defeat by the English at the Battle of Poitiers. King John had been captured and a great ransom demanded of four million gold ecu's. A great many of these coins would have been taxed to pay for the king's ransom, most were melted down by the English to be recoined as 'Treaty-period' gold nobles.
It is a great looking coin that is full of history and artistic merit!
DENOMINATION: Mouton d'or
CULTURE: Medieval France
DATE: 1355 A.D.
MATERIAL: Gold 22k
SIZE: 30.11mm diameter
WEIGHT: 4.57 grams
ATTRIBUTION: Dup. 291; Fr. 280
PROVENANCE: Formerly in the D. Moreau collection. Paris.
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