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Silver Groat (4d) of King Edward III (1327-1377), Fourth Coinage (1351-1377), Pre-Treaty period (1356), Series F, crown initial mark.
Obverse inscription: EDWARD D G REX ANGL Z FRANC D HYB "Edward By The Grace of God King of England and France and Lord of the Irish"
Obverse description: Facing bust of king Edward in tressure of nine arches.
Reverse inscription: POSVI DEV ADIVTOREM MEV / CIVITAS LONDON. "I have made God my helper / City of London"
Reverse description: Long cross pattée dividing the legend, with three pellets in each angle.
Note: this groat bears the 'Crown' mint mark to denote it was struck after the Battle of Poitiers in 1356 to commemorate the English victory and the capture of the French king and his youngest son.
In 1356, Kingf Edward's eldest son, Edward, Prince of Wales, won an important victory in the Battle of Poitiers. The greatly outnumbered English forces not only routed the French, but captured the French king John II and his youngest son, Philip. After a succession of victories, the English held great possessions in France, the French king was in English custody, and the French central government had almost totally collapsed.
DENOMINATION: Groat (4d)
CULTURE: Medieval England
MONARCH: Edward III
DATE: 1327 - 1377 AD (this coin was minted in 1356 AD)
SIZE: 29mm diameter
WEIGHT: 4.54 grams
ATTRIBUTION: Spink 1569
PROVENANCE: Formerly in a private collection. Norway.